French paradox – ever heard of that? It’s a phenomen of reduced mortality in French population due to circulatory system diseases, despiting fat and stodgy diet. Responsible for that is probably red wine, or resveratrol contained in it, to be exact.
Resveratrol is polyphenolic derivative of stilbene, with high antioxidant potency. In highest amounts, we can find it in red grape peel – that’s the reason why we can find this substance in red wine. Main function of resveratrol is boosting immune system of plants, its ressistance, and diffrent types of stressors – like UV radiation, or climate changes, what finally allows plant to live longer.
As antioxidant, resveratrol neutralizes harmful free radicals decreasing level of oxidative stress which can be a reason for developing cancer and circulatory system diseases, Resveratrol can strongly act as anti-inflammatory agent in central nervous system, due to ability to cross blood-brain barrier. It has enormous meaning in terms of preventing neurodegenerative processes
Resveratrol positively influences mitochondria functions. In those cells, free radicals are continually produced, and that’s the reason why mitochondria diseases are strongly related to aging of organism. It can increase antioxidative activity of mitochondrial enzymes causing lowering a level of free radicals. Studies are being conducted, about induction of mitochondrial biogenesis by resveratrol.In times of developing mitochondrial medicine, discovering new substances, which protect and positively affect functions of those organellas, widens a number of possibilities for treating and prevention hitherto incurable diseases